A hurricane, also known as a tropical cyclone, is a powerful storm. Dangers can come from rain/flooding and high winds. Hurricanes are categorized based on their wind speeds. The categories are 1-5. Category 1 is 74 to 95 mph, Category 2 is 96 to 110 mph, Category 3 is 111 to 129 mph, Category 4 is 130 to 156 mph, and Category 5 is 157 mph or higher. Hurricanes usually form over warm waters and use the humidity as an energy source. Hurricanes are named based on a list of alphabetical names. Parts of a hurricane include the eye, eye wall, and rain bands. If a hurricane is coming your way, you need to be prepared for this catastrophe.
Checkout these kid-friendly websites to learn more:
Hurricane Preparations Ahead of Time:
Help your parents plan an evacuation route.
Help make emergency bags/kits of supplies including extra batteries, flashlights, lamps or candles with fuel, dry matches, prescription drugs, a three day supply of water, first aid supplies, a portable radio, basic tools, food that does not have to be refrigerated or cooked, and etc.
Take steps to protect your home. For example, you can assist your parents by cutting weak branches/trees, anchor boats or trailers, replace rock or gravel landscaping materials with shredded bark for safety, install storm shutters, make sure exterior doors are hurricane proof, seal outside wall openings, and etc.
During a Hurricane:
If you are indoors, go to a room without windows or your basement if you have one.
If you are outdoors, proceed to a shelter or a place indoors. If that is not possible, go to high grounds.
Advance to a shelter if you live in a mobile home.
Immediately evacuate if you are told to evacuate.
Avoid places that may flood as well as low-lying places.
Cover your head.
Make sure your pets are safe with you.
Bonus: Activities to do During a Hurricane/Severe Weather:
You can read a book, play on electronics, snuggle with pets or stuffed animals, talk with your family, play board games, play games like Simon Says, and etc.; however, the main occupation you need to do is to stay calm, for the storm will eventually end.
After a Hurricane:
Be cautious of hazards like fallen power lines, sharp glass, and etc.
When it's safe, help your parents and other people pick up debris.
Have a servant’s heart. This is a great way to weather the storm with love!
Build Your Own Hurricane! (Grades 2 to 5)
You can build your own hurricane right in your own kitchen! All you need is:
As the water flows from the upper bottle to the lower bottle, the colored oil shows the spiraling current more clearly. If you used glitter, you can see how debris gets thrown around.
The Eye of the Storm (Grades 4-5)
Winds in the eye of a hurricane are amazingly calm. To demonstrate this you will need but a few minutes and:
The pepper lets you see how strong the currents are to the outer edges of the spiral. The paper clip, however, should be relatively undisturbed as it hangs in the eye of this “hurricane”.