A tornado is a violent column of rotating air connecting from the ground to a cloud. Tornadoes are capable of tremendous destruction. On average, 1,000 tornadoes form in the United States each year. Thunderstorms are the main producer of tornadoes. Similar to a spinning funnel, tornadoes are called twisters, too. Tornadoes can release hail, usually travel a few miles before exhausting themselves, and have wind speeds below 100 mph on average; on the contrary, strong tornadoes can travel over 100 miles and can have wind speeds of over 300 mph. Tornado Alley is a common place that tornadoes form in. Tornadoes are scaled using the Fujita Scale. The Fujita Scale ranges from F0 to F5. Because tornadoes can lead to mass destruction, it is important to stay safe during a tornado.
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Preparations for a tornado:
Help make emergency bags/kits of supplies including extra batteries, flashlights, lamps or candles with fuel, dry matches, prescription drugs, a three day supply of water, first aid supplies, a portable radio, basic tools, food that does not have to be refrigerated or cooked, and etc.
Help your parents plan an evacuation route.
Prepare your home for flying debris and powerful winds and take steps to protect your home. For example, you can assist your parents by cutting weak branches/trees, anchor boats or trailers, replace rock or gravel landscaping materials with shredded bark for safety, install storm shutters, make sure exterior doors are hurricane proof, seal outside wall openings, and etc.
Be weather ready by being alert of forecasts, watching the weather channel, and/or listening to a weather radio.
Make a list of important information such as phone numbers.
Identify a safe place to stay during a tornado.
Make sure your pets will be safe with you.
During a tornado:
Go to your basement, safe room, or an interior room away from windows.
If you are in a vehicle, get out and find shelter, get in a ditch, or seek shelter in a low-lying area.
Cover your head.
Follow the drill if you are at your school or workplace.
Continue to stay weather ready.
Stay safe and calm.
After a tornado:
Stay alert and updated.
Avoid hazards as well as check for injuries.
Help your parents and family pick up debris.
Make a Tornado In A Bottle